early as 1910, two years after the University of the Philippines was
founded, psychology was being taught at the Department of Philosophy
and Psychology, College of Liberal Arts. The Department was placed
under Dr. Henry S. Townsend, an American who taught all of the
Psychology courses being offered then, namely General Psychology,
Genetic Psychology, Educational Psychology and Tests and
Measurements. Soon psychology separated and became part of the
College of Education when the college was created in 1918. Townsend
became acting head of this new department as he continued to be the
head of the Department of Philosophy at the College of Liberal Arts
(de la Llana 1972: 4; Santamaria 1961: 13-14). Under the able
leadership of Dean Francisco Benitez, the UP modelled for the entire
country the curricular utilization of psychology in education. In
1959, the Department of Psychology was transferred to the College of
Arts and Sciences, "an event which marked the weaning of the
discipline from the apron strings of Education in the UP." (Lagmay
In consideration of
the context of the department’s history and the events of the past
few years that had changed the profile and character of its
membership, the Department has formulated the following mission
aims to contribute to the science of human behavior and to apply the
science to improve the quality of life. As such, it takes the lead
in the development of Psychology as a basic and applied science in
the Philippines and in the ASEAN, mindful of its role in the
national development efforts.
following strategies were further outlined to enable the department
to achieve these missions:
provide instructional, research, and extension services through:
•"State-of-the-art" instruction in degree, non-degree, and
short-term programs designed for a variety of audiences;
•Innovative research agenda and methodology in the basic and applied
•Quality extension services.
2. To establish linkages with units in the U.P. System and
with other universities, government agencies and entities, NGOs,
communities, business groups etc. in order to:
•Create synergies and avoid unnecessary duplication of efforts;
•Keep the department continually informed of what is happening in
the larger environment so that it can keep abreast with the issues
involving the discipline.
3. To actively disseminate research findings, developments
on theory and experiences in extension work to a broad but
differentiated target audience.
4. To pursue non-traditional sources of support.
5. To explore ways of organizing its membership so that it can
pursue the department’s mission with flexibility, efficacy, and
To clarify the underlying principles that will be guiding future
departmental decisions and actions,
the following values were also identified as being central to one’s
identity as a member of the department.
1. Service orientation-beyond the self to serve and share
2. Commitment to Psychology as a discipline
3. Commitment to professional and personal excellence
4. Awareness of current developments, issues and concerns
5. Openness to new ideas; intellectual curiosity
6. Resourcefulness, creativity, persistence
Emergence of Filipino Psychology
A new consciousness
labeled sikolohiyang Pilipino reflecting Filipino psychological
knowledge, experience and orientation has emerged through the use of
the local language as the embodiment of the psychology of the
Filipino people (Enriquez 1982: 4-5).
Philippine Psychology as an area of concentration in the Ph.D.
program makes psychology quite distinctive at the University of the
Philippines. As a "special topics" course, Philippine Psychology was
taught by Alfredo Lagmay prior to its institution as a separate
graduate course by the University Council, UP on October 20, 1978.
The course has since been offered by Virgilio G. Enriquez and Zeus
A. Salazar. Aside from discussing theoretical and scientific issues,
graduate students debated on social and political issues; the
different psychologies - the "national", the indigenous and the emic;
and the extent psychology in the third world is international or
western" (Enriquez 1982: 11).
As an undergraduate course, Filipino Psychology (Psychology 108) was
recommended for institution during the 1978 UPDP curriculum
workshop. The University Council duly approved it. Jose Ma.
Bartolome, at home with a few consciousness, was the first one to
teach the course (Enriquez 1982: 11). Rogelia Pe-Pua took over where
Bartolome left and faced the problem of articulating the concepts
and methods of Filipino psychology with a book entitled Sikolohiyang
Pilipino: Teorya, Metodo at Gamit (Filipino Psychology: Theory,
Method and Application) (Pe-Pua 1982).
* A section of this document came from a paper written by
Pe-Pua (1980) entitled "A Brief Historical Sketch of the UP
Department of Psychology". Dr. Rogelia Pe-Pua used to teach in the
Department and is now a lecturer at the School of Social Science and
Policy, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
The Department of
Psychology is one of the few departments in the university which has
its own building -- the Palma Hall Annex (PHAN), which is located
between Palma Hall (College of Social Sciences and Philosophy) and
Benitez Hall (College of Education). Graduate and undergraduate
courses are held in classrooms in the second and third floors of
Offices of the graduate faculty and of the administrative staff are
located in the first floor. The main building also includes the
Psychological Assessment Laboratory and the Human Experimental
Psychology Laboratory. The Psychological Assessment Lab houses the
department's collection of psychological tests and instruments for
the measurement of personality, attitudes, cognitive abilities, and
so on. The laboratory also includes facilities for individualized
administration of these tests. The Human Experimental Psychology Lab
consists of three rooms for experiments in cognitive, developmental,
and social psychology. The Lab is designed so that it can be used
for different experimental situations (e.g., interactive group
experiments, individual experiments using audio/visual
presentations, computers, paper-and pencil tests, etc.). Adjacent to
the PHAN building is the newly renovated and expanded Physiological
Psychology Laboratory which houses specimens and equipment for
various forms of physiological research.
facilities available as adjunct to research and teaching include: a
storeroom of equipment and instruments that include, among others,
video-tape camera, video-tape recorder and player, slide projector,
overhead projectors, audiotape player and recorder, simple
chronoscope, classical conditioning laboratory, depth-perception
apparatus, dexterity tests, maze tests, memory drums, pursuit rotor
The department also has several microcomputers (PC compatibles)
which can be used for research functions like data-analysis, timed
stimulus presentations, and response time measurements. However,
graduate students' access to these computers is restricted and has
to be supervised by a knowledgeable graduate faculty member.
The main psychology
library is currently housed in the Social Science Section of the U.P.
Main Library. Also available are relevant collections in the College
of Social Sciences and Philosophy Resource Collection, the College
Education Library, the Family Life and Child Development (FLCD)
collection at the Home Economics Library, The Filipiniana collection
at the Main Library, the Science Library, and other college
Students are encouraged to take advantage of opportunities for
training that extend beyond the Department of Psychology. Students
whose interests lead them into allied disciplines will find valuable
opportunities open in other departments and colleges in the Diliman
campus like the Institute of Biology, College of Education, FLCD
department at the College of Home Economics, College of Social Work
and Community Development, School of Labor and Industrial Relations,
College of Business Administration, School of Economics, College of
Public Administration, and Statistical Center.
Graduate courses from these units may be taken as cognates, with the
consent of the student's program advisor.
The UP Department of Psychology maintains four laboratories, namely:
1. Experimental-Physiological Psychology Laboratory
2. Psychological Assessment Laboratory
3. Human Potential Development Laboratory
4. Computer Laboratory
5. Human Development Laboratory
In addition, it has two Audio-Visual Rooms (AVRs) which are fully
Experiments in the areas of learning, physiological psychology,
sensation and perception are generally conducted in the experimental
rooms housed in the department’s main building (Palma Hall Annex).
These rooms include one which is divided into three cubicles and
which is designed to be used in studies where data collection is
done with one or a few individual participants at a time. A second
larger room used for experimental studies is found in the second
floor. This room is utilized for studies where data generation is
undertaken with larger groups of participants. The room is also
equipped with a one- way observation mirror. Some studies,
particularly those involving animal subjects, are undertaken in the
Physiological Psychology Laboratory (PPL) which is located in an
adjoining building (Solidor Hall). Animals are housed in cases in
this laboratory as are brain specimens used in studies and classes
in the area of physiological psychology. Conditioning experiments
are generally done with Skinner boxes and an automated operant
Psychological testing and assessment are done in the Psychological
Assessment Laboratory which is found in the second floor of PHAN.
This room houses the department’s collection of psychological tests.
The room contains several cubicles for assessment with the use of
individually administered tests. Small group testing is done in a
larger ante-room in the same laboratory. The department has
continuously updated its collection of tests and has a good
collection of Philippine-developed measures. The department,
likewise, has access to standardized tests found in the Department
of Counselor Education and the Library of the College of Education.
Testing demonstrations are scheduled in the research room with a
The Human Potential Development (HPD) Laboratory was developed in
conjunction with the Human Development (HPD) Program (Ph.D. level),
which the department is currently finalizing with the help of
visiting professors from Kassel University. Workshops and courses in
this program are undertaken in the HPD laboratory which is a
multi-media training center equipped with technical and modern
facilities for video-micro-teaching. The laboratory has the
capability to produce video-clips and other didactic materials for
special training as well as CD-ROMs for individualized learning
tutorials. The HPD Laboratory is an intercultural cooperation
project, based on a Memorandum of Agreement, among the University of
Kassel , the University of the Philippines Diliman (Department of
Psychology), the German Academic Exchange Service, Bonn (DAAD) and
the German Association for Technical Cooperation (GTZ).
The department’s computer laboratory is used by both faculty and
students. It is utilized mainly for data analyses and production of
instructional materials and publications. In addition to this, the
department has ready access to the computing resources of the
College of Social Sciences and Philosophy which is housed in the
adjoining Palma Hall’s Computer Laboratory. There is, likewise,
access to the Computer Laboratory of the College of Education and
the university’s main Computer Center.